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Date updated:December 23, 2013



2275.71 square kilometers


As of October 1,2013


Okinawa Prefecture is in a central location, as it connects mainland Japan, Mainland China, and countries in Southeast Asia. For this reason, it is an attractive place for engaging in business in Asia and Japan.


Okinawa Prefecture has a subtropical oceanic climate, and is blessed with a warm climate all year round. You can spend quality time during your holidays while surrounded by a blue ocean where coral reefs grow and by a rich natural environment.

Prefectural Symbol

The outer circle of this symbol represents the ocean. The white part is an “O” (for Okinawa), and symbolizes Okinawa as well as the harmony between people. The inner circle symbolizes an actively and globally developing Okinawa. In short, the mark symbolizes "the ocean," "peace" and "development."

Prefectural flower: Deigo (Indian coral bean)
Erythrina Orientalis  
The Deigo tree, originally from India, is a deciduous broad-leaved tree that belongs to the pulse family. During the period between March and May, the glowingly beautiful, deep red flowers bloom in racemes along the length of the spray, to the very end of the branches. The deep red flower is an appropriate symbol for the southern islands that make up Okinawa, and plays an important role in promoting tourism. Furthermore, the Deigo tree is valuable financially and for making crafts, as its trunk section is used as material for traditional Ryukyuan lacquerware. These were the main reasons why the Deigo was chosen as Okinawa’s prefectural flower. (Designated in 1972)

Prefectural tree : Ryukyu Matsu (Ryukyu Pine)
Pinus Luchuensis Mayr
A full-grown Ryukyu Pine, which is endemic to Okinawa, can reach a height of 15 meters. As the tree gets older, the crown spreads out, and the tree shows gracefully-shaped branches. The Ryukyu Pine is widely used as roadside trees, ornamental trees, bonsai, and windbreaks. It also has economic benefits, as it is very easy to propagate. For these reasons, the Ryukyu Pine was chosen as the prefectural tree. The Government of the Ryukyu Islands declared the tree as its prefectural tree on February 7th, 1966. (Designated in 1972)

Prefectural bird : Okinawan woodpecker
(Pryer’s woodpecker or noguchi gera)
Sapheopipo Noguchii (Seebohm)

This is a globally rare species and is the only member of a single-species genus of woodpeckers. It makes its habitat exclusively in the northern part of Okinawa Island. It has been designated as a natural treasure of Japan. This species was discovered by a British man in 1886, and was first introduced to people two years later. In 1955, it was designated as a natural treasure by the Government of the Ryukyu Islands. (Designated in 1972)

Prefectural fish : Banana Fish
(Takasago, locally known as Gurukun)
Caesio diagramma
This beautiful and colorful 25 cm fish is everyone's favorite. It is a tropical fish and lives in the warm waters from Okinawa to the Indian Ocean. Banana Fish are caught all year round and the total catch has increased every year. It is Okinawa's major fish product, and the majority are caught using the islands' own drive-in nets. Banana Fish are showing up on the dinner tables of Okinawan families more and more as one of the few kinds of fish eaten by ordinary people. For these reasons, it was designated as the prefectural fish. (Designated in 1972)

Song of the Okinawan People

Lyrics : Seiko Miyazato
With the cooperation of: The “Song of the Okinawan People” selection committee
Music : Shigeru Shiroma

  1. The day breaks over the clear ocean
    Clouds above the peaceful islands have cleared
    Bell of dawn echoes throughout the world
    We now face the glorious morning
    Gone are the days of trials
    Oh! We solemnly swear
    For eternal peace on Okinawa
  2. The Black Current runs through the islands
    Green mountains and rivers shining
    We fellow citizens are stirred up
    To build a new, independent and prosperous
    Now, let us build eternal prosperity
    On our home islands
  3. The skies are filled with lights
    Dye the glowing Deigo flowers
    The folk culture we inherited for generations
    Now brilliantly shines over our home islands
    Let us create
    The future culture of Okinawa